STOP TOXIC RED MUD WASTE AND ENVIRONMENTAL DISASTERS RESULTING FROM RED MUD FLOODING!
Lorenzo D. Canada
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Recent studies estimate Red Mud to be around 3,000 million tonnes at the end of 2010 [Klauber, C., Grafe, M., and Power, G, 2009] – and growing at approximately 120 million tonnes per annum. According to the International Committee for the Study of Bauxite, Alumina and Aluminium (ICSOBA) “Alumina refineries world over presently generate more than 100 million tons of red mud per annum, which is likely to increase with the setting up of new production facilities and decreasing ore quality. Less than 5% of red mud is being utilized in the world with the remainder disposed in ponds.” Red mud is toxic and highly caustic, a serious health hazard that threatens to pollute water and soil. Red Mud has been named the most serious sustainable environmental problem associated with the aluminum industry and recently led to the tragic loss of human life and environmental damage in Hungary, with other spills also occurring in India, China, Canada and Brazil.
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