This year the Lithuanian Ministry of Environment has increased the
wolves' hunting quota to 50, compared to five wolves’ quota of last
year. This was done despite the fact that the official survey in the
state forests carried out this spring counted 250 wolves. In result the
Ministry of Environment has allowed the hunters to hunt one fifth of the
wolves counted in Lithuania during the official survey.
Such decree by the Minister of Environment should be recalled because:
• The hunting quota is set in violation of the Wolf Population Control
Plan, enacted in the beginning of this year. Under its provisions if
results of the survey shows 250 wolves, their population cannot be
reduced further and the hunting of the wolves can only be allowed in
certain identified areas.
• The set quota is not based on the actual damage caused by wolves to
the farmers. Comparing the official data for 2010 and 2011 a decrease in
damage to the farmers is observed, while the data for this year is not
yet available which makes it impossible to set the conditions for wolf
hunting based on the damage they cause.
• Unfoundedly intensive hunting of the wolves compared to the numbers
established during the official survey creates serious threat to the
stability of the wolf population in Lithuania.We demand that:
1. The decree of the Minister of Environment of the Republic of
Lithuania, setting a hunting quota of 50 wolves for the wolf hunting
season of 2012-2013 to be recalled.
2. The hunting quota is set in accordance with the provisions of the
Wolf Population Control Plan and based on the results of the official
survey and the data on the actual damage caused by wolves.
of wolves should be allowed only in certain areas, taking into account
collected data on their numbers and damage, so that the wolves are not
exterminated from various areas in Lithuania.Limiting the hunting of wolves
In many European countries wolves are under strict protection. Upon
entering the EU Lithuania, like other Baltic states, has negotiated an
exception which allows wolf hunt in Lithuania as long as the stability
of the wolf population in Lithuania is not threatened.
Wolf hunting in Lithuania is limited since 2005. At first a yearly
hunting quota of 20 wolves was set. Later on it was increased – to 30
wolves in 2008 and 40 in 2009. The record number was set in 2010 when
the Ministry of Environment set the quota of 60 wolves. This quota
however was reduced to 40 wolves after active protest by the public. In 2011
, after the official survey counted the wolves at 300, the Ministry of Environment set the hunting quota of 5 wolves
for the hunting season of 2011-2012. However the wolf hunting season
itself was prolonged to last from October 15th to March 31th. While this year the official survey found only 250 wolves
, the hunting quota
for no apparent reason has been drastically increased to 50
.The hunting quota has been set not in line with the new Wolf Population Control Plan
In February 2012 Mr Gediminas Kazlauskas, the Lithuanian Minister of
Environment, has enacted the Wolf Population Control Plan, which sets
out rules concerning wolf population in Lithuanian, including rules on
official surveys of the wolves and the hunting quotas.
The Plan aims to control the wolf hunting in such a manner that it would
not endanger the stability of the Lithuanian wolf population and
foresees that 250 wolves is the minimal desired number of wolves, and if
such number is established by official surveys certain restrictions on
hunting apply. Furthermore, according to the Plan, the maximum hunting
quota that can be set is 20 % of the population found by the official
surveys, while depending on the circumstances it can be considerably
lower. Finally, if during the official survey a number of 250 wolves is
found, the hunting must be regional, whereby the Minister would set out
identified areas were hunting is allowed. This limitation is aimed at
ensuring that wolves are hunted solely in areas where there are plenty
of them and the damage to the farming is big, while the areas with small
numbers of wolves are left undisturbed.
Shortly after enactment of the Plan, the official survey in the state
forests, conducted by the Directorate General of State Forests, counted
250 wolves. Disregarding the mandatory rules, the Minister of
Environment did not set regionalized hunting and instead allowed hunting
throughout the Lithuanian territory and set the hunting quota at the
maximum, without taking into consideration all relevant circumstances on
wolf population and data on damage caused by the wolves, since it was
not available at the time (nor is it today).
The hunting quota for the 2012-2013 wolf hunting season violates the
essential rule of the Wolf Population Control Plan – not to cause damage
to the wolf population in Lithuania – and is ungrounded. Therefore it
should be repealed.
We are proud to have the wolves in our forests! Let‘s ensure it remains that way!
Association for Nature
Conservation “Baltic Wolf” (“Baltijos vilkas”)
Posted: 21 September 2012 (Updated: 10 September 2015)